How to cook Turkish coffee and drink Kvevri
Turkish coffee and related traditions of hospitality in 2013 was included in the list of intangible cultural heritage. It annually replenishes the United Nations educational, scientific and cultural organization.
Now the list has position 281 (by the way, China and breaks records here – on account of his 38 points). It’s customs, knowledge and skills, artifacts, languages and cultural spaces that are maintained and reproduced by the people themselves, as in the good old days – from generation to generation. They unite families, communities and even the nation, help us not to forget their roots and not get lost in the global world.
Now the canonical recipe Turkish coffee can learn all. Grind in a special mortar to a fine powder coffee beans (freshly roasted), fill it with water, if desired, add sugar and cook very slowly, making sure that the surface formed of foam. However, there are still many nuances, and they can only tell the Turks themselves. Coffee is served in small cups accompanied by a glass of water and Turkish delight.
Turkish coffee culture goes back five centuries. In the sixteenth century in Istanbul, then in the Orthodox world traditionally kept referring to Constantinople, the first coffee house. Unlike other types of coffee, Turkish softer, more aromatic and stronger, it is easily distinguished by special pins. However, Turkish coffee is not only a drink, but one of the cores of Turkish national identity, no less significant than the cult of the founder of the Turkish Republic atatürk. Turkish coffee is a means of communication, a reason to invite a friend or a girl for intimate conversation, the symbol of hospitality. No wonder Turkey is still a proverb “the memory of a Cup of coffee lasts forty years”. Furthermore, it is possible to tell fortunes on a coffee thick.
Georgia in 2013 has achieved inclusion in the list of intangible cultural heritage of the ancient method of making wine from Kakheti. It is cooked in a huge dug in the earth earthen vessels – the qvevri. In the fall they poured grape juice with the skins, stems and seeds, the vessel is sealed for five to six months. It’s all in the temperature of the ground, so that the North of Sunny Georgia this method of wine-making should not be applied. In spring the wine is ready to drink. When all the wine is dredged, the most complicated – rinse the empty pitcher. How to make wine in qvevri, knows the majority of Georgians, not only farmers, but urban residents. The wine cellar is still considered the Georgians Holy place in the ancestral house. Important role in the preservation of traditional winemaking play Georgian Orthodox monasteries.
Japan issued as a UNESCO world intangible cultural heritage the traditional system of balanced diet “washoku”. It is based on rice, fish, vegetables and wild plants. Scientists believe that “washoku” promotes longevity and the prevention of obesity. And if on weekdays, the Japanese do not always follow the national diet (Yes, they also have a McDonald’s), during the new year celebrations are served traditional dishes, each of which has its symbolic meaning.
Ukraine last year introduced the “your” first entry in the register of UNESCO. In each family from the village of Petrykivka in Dnipropetrovsk oblast, where live the descendants of the Cossacks of the Zaporozhian Sich, there is at least one person that adorn the original Petrikov ornamental painting houses, utensils, musical instruments, etc. Local art is rich in symbolism, for example, the rooster symbolizes the fire and spiritual awakening, birds – light, harmony and happiness. All these symbols originating from pre-Christian Russia.
But Moldova and Romania patented in 2013 the tradition of “informed” circulated in several Moldovan and Romanian villages: every year on Christmas eve, groups of men, as a rule, single, walk from house to house villagers and sing folk songs, and in return receive gifts and token money. And by name, and the ritual is reminiscent of the East Slavic carols, only in Moldova and Romania, with much attention given to unmarried girls. Them and sing special songs, and dance with them, and all this to help find her husband in the next year. Like many extant tradition, “Academy” dates back to pagan times – much celebrated in his time for the winter solstice.
Today, the Convention for the protection of monuments of the intangible cultural heritage of 2003 was signed by 158 States.
Russia is not among them, which is a pity, because every nation on the territory of our country could enter their customs, traditions and crafts in the register of UNESCO. However, in Russia it is already marked two records – the Yakut heroic epos “Olonkho” and the cultural space and oral creativity of old believers of Transbaikalia – Semey, which even in Soviet times, was long able to maintain their separateness from the outside world.
In November 2014, the special Committee of UNESCO will select the next batch of intangible cultural heritage. The struggle between going to be serious contenders. For example, Armenia has applied for inclusion in the international list of pita bread (or rather, cultural practices associated with it), Brazil will achieve global recognition for capoeira, and Estonia – national bath, which is heated in black.